Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Notes For February 24th, 2010

This Day In Writing History

On February 24th, 1786, the famous German writer and folklorist Wilhelm Grimm was born in Hanau, Germany. As a boy, Wilhelm was strong and healthy, but over the years, he would suffer from an increasingly severe illness that left him weak. He and his older brother Jacob were inseparable.

In 1803, Wilhelm enrolled at the University of Marburg to study law, one year after Jacob began his studies there. Around 1807, Wilhelm and Jacob began collecting folklore, inspired by the publication of The Youth's Magic Horn, the first volume of which came out in 1805. It was a collection of folk songs edited by Ludwig Achim von Arnim and Clemens Brentano.

The Grimm brothers would invite storytellers to tell their tales, which they then transcribed and edited, adding their own distinctive touches to the stories. By 1812, their first collection of folk tales was published as Children's and Household Tales. It contained 86 stories. A second volume, containing 70 tales, was published in 1814. During the Grimm brothers' lifetime, five more editions of their story collections would be released, some containing new stories. Since then, all 211 stories would be published in one volume as Grimms' Fairy Tales.

Some scholars believe that the Grimm brothers removed salacious elements from the stories they collected, as they were both devout Christians. They did not, however, tone down the dark and violent elements of the stories, which led to complaints that the stories were inappropriate for children. Thus, over the years, since their initial publication, the Grimms' Fairy Tales have been softened and changed considerably by publishers.

The original, unaltered Grimms' Fairy Tales are still published, and parents who buy the book for their children are quite shocked by the content, as are other readers who remember the Disneyfied versions of such famous stories as Little Red Riding Hood, Cinderella, and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. As in all the Grimms' original stories, the endings are different, and the villains are often tortured horribly and / or put to death.

Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother are saved when a huntsman cuts open the wolf's stomach. He later skins the dead wolf and keeps the skin as a souvenir. In Cinderella, (Cinderella was her nickname; her real name was Ashputtel) the nasty stepsisters mutilate their feet to try and fit into the glass slipper. Later, they get their eyes pecked out by doves as punishment for their cruelty and vanity. In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, after Snow White is saved by her Prince, she marries him, and the Wicked Queen is lured to their wedding - where she is forced to wear hot iron shoes and dance until she dies.

Despite their dark and sometimes gruesome nature, the Grimms' Fairy Tales remain an all-time classic work of literature, inspiring generations of writers.

Though his brother remained a lifelong bachelor, Wilhelm Grimm was married in 1825 to his girlfriend, Henriette "Dortchen" Wild. They had four children, their firstborn son named after his uncle Jacob.

In addition to the fairy tales he compiled with his brother, Wilhelm published three books under his own name, a collection of old Danish folk songs, a study of German runes, and a study of German folk legends. (The Grimms' Fairy Tales were also criticized as being "not German enough.")

Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm later became professors at the University of Gottingen. They joined five of their colleagues to form the "Gottingen Seven," an activist group that protested against Ernst August, the King of Hanover, for his violations of the constitution. The King fired them all from the university.

Wilhelm Grimm died of an infection in 1859. He was 73 years old.

Quote Of The Day

"The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing." - Wilhelm Grimm

Vanguard Video

Today's video features a two-part reading of the classic Brothers Grim fairy tale, Hansel and Gretel. Enjoy!

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